Sociologists


Also called : Research Associate, Research Coordinator, Research Scientist, Research Specialist, Social Scientist, Sociologist

What they do


Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

On the job, one would


  • Analyze and interpret data to increase the understanding of human social behavior.

  • Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.

  • Prepare publications and reports containing research findings.

  • Plan and conduct research to develop and test theories about societal issues such as crime, group relations, poverty, and aging.

  • Teach sociology.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.

  • English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • Education and Training
    Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  • Mathematics
    Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

SKILLS


  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

  • Writing
    Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

  • Active Learning
    Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

ABILITIES


  • Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

  • Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Achievement/Effort
    Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

  • Persistence
    Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Initiative
    Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

  • Independence
    Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Innovation
    Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Self-Control
    Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Accounting software

  • Analytical or scientific software

  • Customer relationship management CRM software

  • Data base user interface and query software

  • Desktop publishing software

  • Document management software

  • Electronic mail software

  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software

  • Geographic information system

  • Graphics or photo imaging software

  • Information retrieval or search software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Extensive Preparation Needed

  • Education

    Graduate Degree or higher.

  • Experience

    Extensive skills, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations.

  • Jobtraining

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

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