Psychiatric Aides


Also called : Mental Health Aide (MHA), Mental Health Worker (MHW), Psychiatric Aide, Psychiatric Nursing Aide, Psychiatric Nursing Assistant, Resident Care Technician, Therapeutic Program Worker (TPW)

What they do


Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff. May assist with daily living activities, lead patients in educational and recreational activities, or accompany patients to and from examinations and treatments. May restrain violent patients. Includes psychiatric orderlies.

On the job, one would


  • Record and maintain patient information, such as vital signs, eating habits, behavior, progress notes, treatments, or discharge plans.

  • Listen and provide emotional support and encouragement to psychiatric patients.

  • Complete physical checks and monitor patients to detect unusual or harmful behavior and report observations to professional staff.

  • Restrain or aid patients as necessary to prevent injury.

  • Serve meals or feed patients needing assistance or persuasion.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

  • English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

  • Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

SKILLS


  • Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

  • Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people.

  • Monitoring
    Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

  • Speaking
    Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

ABILITIES


  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

  • Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.

  • Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Self-Control
    Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

  • Concern for Others
    Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Stress Tolerance
    Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Social Orientation
    Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

  • Persistence
    Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Electronic mail software

  • Operating system software

  • Spreadsheet software

  • Word processing software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Some Preparation Needed

  • Education

    High school diploma.

  • Experience

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed.

  • Jobtraining

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

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