Optometrists


Also called : Optometrist, Optometry Doctor (OD), Therapeutic Optometrist

What they do


Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.

On the job, one would


  • Examine eyes, using observation, instruments, and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus, and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities, such as glaucoma or color blindness.

  • Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.

  • Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other vision aids.

  • Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.

  • Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, and safety factors.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

  • Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

  • Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

  • English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

SKILLS


  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Critical Thinking
    Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Speaking
    Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Writing
    Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

ABILITIES


  • Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

  • Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Near Vision
    The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Concern for Others
    Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Stress Tolerance
    Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

  • Independence
    Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

  • Self-Control
    Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

  • Social Orientation
    Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Related Occupations

    TECHNOLOGY

    • Accounting software

    • Calendar and scheduling software

    • Data base user interface and query software

    • Medical software

    • Spreadsheet software

    • Word processing software

    EDUCATION AND TRAINING

    • Preparation

      Extensive Preparation Needed

    • Education

      Graduate Degree or higher.

    • Experience

      Extensive skills, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations.

    • Jobtraining

      Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

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