Industrial-Organizational Psychologists


Also called : Consulting Psychologist, Industrial Psychologist, Industrial/Organizational Psychologist (I/O Psychologist), Management Consultant, Organizational Consultant, Organizational Development Consultant (O

What they do


Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training, and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.

On the job, one would


  • Formulate and implement training programs, applying principles of learning and individual differences.

  • Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems, group interactions, morale, or motivation to assess organizational functioning.

  • Conduct presentations on research findings for clients or at research meetings.

  • Provide expert testimony in employment lawsuits.

  • Study consumers' reactions to new products and package designs, and to advertising efforts, using surveys and tests.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

  • Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

  • English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • Administration and Management
    Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

SKILLS


  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Complex Problem Solving
    Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

  • Judgment and Decision Making
    Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

  • Speaking
    Talking to others to convey information effectively.

ABILITIES


  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

  • Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

  • Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Initiative
    Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Achievement/Effort
    Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

  • Leadership
    Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

  • Persistence
    Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Analytical or scientific software

  • Computer based training software

  • Data base user interface and query software

  • Document management software

  • Electronic mail software

  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software

  • Human resources software

  • Internet browser software

  • Office suite software

  • Presentation software

  • Process mapping and design software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Extensive Preparation Needed

  • Education

    Graduate Degree or higher.

  • Experience

    Extensive skills, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations.

  • Jobtraining

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

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