Forensic Science Technicians


Also called : Crime Laboratory Analyst, Crime Scene Analyst, Crime Scene Technician (Crime Scene Tech), CSI (Crime Scene Investigator), Evidence Technician, Forensic Science Examiner, Forensic Scientist, Forensic

What they do


Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.

On the job, one would


  • Keep records and prepare reports detailing findings, investigative methods, and laboratory techniques.

  • Collect evidence from crime scenes, storing it in conditions that preserve its integrity.

  • Testify in court about investigative or analytical methods or findings.

  • Use photographic or video equipment to document evidence or crime scenes.

  • Visit morgues, examine scenes of crimes, or contact other sources to obtain evidence or information to be used in investigations.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Law and Government
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

  • Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

  • English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  • Chemistry
    Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

SKILLS


  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Critical Thinking
    Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Speaking
    Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Writing
    Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

ABILITIES


  • Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

  • Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

  • Near Vision
    The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Self-Control
    Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Stress Tolerance
    Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Independence
    Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

  • Initiative
    Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Analytical or scientific software

  • Computer aided design CAD software

  • Data base user interface and query software

  • Electronic mail software

  • Graphics or photo imaging software

  • Internet browser software

  • Office suite software

  • Operating system software

  • Presentation software

  • Process mapping and design software

  • Spreadsheet software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Considerable Preparation Needed

  • Education

    Four-year bachelor degree

  • Experience

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupation

  • Jobtraining

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

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