Food Scientists and Technologists


Also called : Food and Drug Research Scientist, Food Chemist, Food Engineer, Food Scientist, Food Technologist, Formulator, Product Development Scientist, Research Chef, Research Food Technologist, Research Scient

What they do


Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.

On the job, one would


  • Inspect food processing areas to ensure compliance with government regulations and standards for sanitation, safety, quality, and waste management.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Food Production
    Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

  • Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

  • Chemistry
    Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

  • Production and Processing
    Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

SKILLS


  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Writing
    Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

  • Complex Problem Solving
    Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

  • Critical Thinking
    Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

ABILITIES


  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

  • Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.

  • Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

  • Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Near Vision
    The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Achievement/Effort
    Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Persistence
    Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

  • Initiative
    Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

  • Innovation
    Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Analytical or scientific software

  • Data base user interface and query software

  • Electronic mail software

  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software

  • Office suite software

  • Presentation software

  • Spreadsheet software

  • Word processing software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Considerable Preparation Needed

  • Education

    Four-year bachelor degree

  • Experience

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupation

  • Jobtraining

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

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