Architectural and Civil Drafters


Also called : Architectural Designer, Architectural Drafter, Architectural Draftsman, Civil Drafter, Computer-Aided Design Designer (CAD Designer), Computer-Aided Drafting and Design Drafter (CADD Drafter), Comput

What they do


Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

On the job, one would


  • Produce drawings, using computer-assisted drafting systems (CAD) or drafting machines, or by hand, using compasses, dividers, protractors, triangles, and other drafting devices.

  • Draft plans and detailed drawings for structures, installations, and construction projects, such as highways, sewage disposal systems, and dikes, working from sketches or notes.

  • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.

  • Analyze building codes, by-laws, space and site requirements, and other technical documents and reports to determine their effect on architectural designs.

  • Draw maps, diagrams, and profiles, using cross-sections and surveys, to represent elevations, topographical contours, subsurface formations, and structures.

KNOWLEDGE


  • Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

  • Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

  • Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

SKILLS


  • Active Listening
    Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

  • Critical Thinking
    Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

  • Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

  • Speaking
    Talking to others to convey information effectively.

  • Writing
    Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

ABILITIES


  • Near Vision
    The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

  • Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

  • Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

  • Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.

PERSONALITY

People interested in this work, will do well at jobs that need;

  • Attention to Detail
    Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

  • Dependability
    Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

  • Cooperation
    Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

  • Analytical Thinking
    Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

  • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

  • Independence
    Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

  • Stress Tolerance
    Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

  • Integrity
    Job requires being honest and ethical.

  • Self-Control
    Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

  • Initiative
    Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

TECHNOLOGY

  • Computer aided design CAD software

  • Data base user interface and query software

  • Desktop publishing software

  • Development environment software

  • Document management software

  • Electronic mail software

  • Enterprise application integration software

  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software

  • Geographic information system

  • Graphics or photo imaging software

  • Map creation software

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  • Preparation

    Medium Preparation Needed

  • Education

    Training in vocational schools or an Associate deg

  • Experience

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations.

  • Jobtraining

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers.

Version 3.1.0 Page loaded in 0.177943 secs