What is diabetes.

What is diabetes.

Diabetes affects people from all walks of life globally. A total of 537 million adults between the ages of 20 and 79 live with diabetes. About three-quarters of diabetics live in low- and middle-income countries. 1 in every 12 persons suffers from diabetes worldwide. 1 in every 2 people with diabetes does not know they are diabetic. 1 life is lost globally every seven seconds due to diabetes. By 2030, it is predicted that the number of people living with diabetes will rise to 643 million, and by 2045, it will reach 783 million. Diabetes was once said to be a disease of the rich, but three-quarters of those affected are citizens of low- and middle-income countries.

So what is diabetes?

To answer that, you must first understand the role of insulin in your body.

Your body is made of a different organ, which does many different things. One of these organs is the pancreas. The pancreas is where your body makes insulin.

When you eat something your digestive system breaks the food down so that it can move through your blood and into your cells. In this process, the Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is a form of sugar. Your cell uses Glucose as fuel. Insulin moves glucose out of your blood into the cells. So that your body can create enough energy to get you through the day.

How does insulin work

Types of Diabetes

Having Type 1 Diabetes means your pancreas does not produce enough insulin in order to keep your blood glucose levels steady. These usually occur in children. Treatments can help, but this disease cannot be reversed. 10% of Diabetic persons fall under this category.

Type 2 Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or your body does not use insulin properly. Of all people with Diabetes, 90% have Type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

Some of the common signs and symptoms of diabetes are;

  • Frequent urination
  • Always thirsty
  • Always hungry
  • Sudden weight Drop or Gain
  • Blurred Vision
  • Nausea
  • Wounds won't heal
  • Irritability/Weakness
  • Tingling Hands or Feets
Frequent urination
Always thirsty
Always hungry
Sudden weight loss/gain
Blurred vision
Nausea
Wounds won't heal
Irritability/Weakness
Tingling in hands or feets

Check if you are already diabetic, based on the symptoms you may be experiencing by clicking here

How to Reduce Your Risk of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that has a good chance of being prevented. But once you have diabetes, you have to spend the rest of your life with diabetes, and you have to worry about when diabetes-related complications will occur. Therefore, people of all walks of life should consciously participate in the prevention of diabetes according to their ability.

1. Focus on Maintaining a healthy weight, or losing weight gradually towards your optimal weight range.
Action: Skip extreme diets and focus on small changes to eat healthier.

2. Make healthier food choices and includes foods from all five food groups to get the nutrients you need.
Action: Include at least three food groups at meals and two food groups for snacks.

3. Don't skip meals. Eat healthy meals and snacks to keep your energy levels consistent throughout the day.
Action: Spend some time each week planning your meal and snacks.

4. Get Active. Exercise for 30 minutes every day.
Action: Get a few extra steps each day by taking the stairs or a walk at lunch.

What is diabetes.

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