Many people are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes because they already have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes. This is referred to as prediabetes. Or they have other risk factors, such as being overweight, advanced age, or family history. But just because you have prediabetes or other risk factors doesn't mean you'll automatically get diabetes in the future. There are steps you can take now to help you avoid getting diabetes later – or to help you better manage the disease if you already have it.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90-95% percentage of all cases of diabetes in adults. 5%-10% percentage of women with gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes following pregnancy. The lifetime risk of developing diabetes for a male born in 2000 is 1 in 3.
Type 2 diabetes puts you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke – and can cause problems with your kidneys, nerves, feet, and eyes. But there is good news. If you can catch it at the early prediabetes stage, you can make a few simple lifestyle changes to prevent it from endangering your health.
You’re at risk for type 2 diabetes if you:;
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You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes with proven lifestyle changes.
1. Losing weight is one of the best ways to reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
Overweight and obese individuals are at a higher risk for developing diabetes. In fact, this is one of the biggest risk factors for the disease. Losing even 5 - 10% of your current weight may help cut your risk.
2. Avoiding processed foods may lower your diabetes risk.
There are often added sugars, refined carbs, and additives in processed foods. Reducing your intake
3. Regular exercise is a great way to lower your risk of diabetes.
Exercise improves insulin sensitivity and helps keep blood sugar levels in a healthier range. It also helps you maintain a healthier weight, which is one of the biggest factors in preventing diabetes.
4. Quitting smoking is a smart way to help prevent diabetes.
Smokers are 30 - 40% more likely to develop diabetes than non-smokers because smoking contributes to insulin resistance. Lowering your risk of diabetes is just one of many benefits your body will enjoy if you quit smoking.
5. Drinking more water may help combat diabetes.
When it comes to beverages that will not raise blood glucose levels, water is a star. Not only does water contain zero sugar, but it also contains no calories so it may help you lose weight. Every time you replace a sugary beverage with water, you're doing your body good.
Diabetes Risk Factors