Diabetes affects people from all walks of life globally. A total of 537 million adults between the ages of 20 and 79 live with diabetes. About three-quarters of diabetics live in low- and middle-income countries. 1 in every 12 persons suffers from diabetes worldwide. 1 in every 2 people with diabetes does not know they are diabetic. 1 life is lost globally every seven seconds due to diabetes. By 2030, it is predicted that the number of people living with diabetes will rise to 643 million, and by 2045, it will reach 783 million. Diabetes was once said to be a disease of the rich, but three-quarters of those affected are citizens of low- and middle-income countries.
To answer that, you must first understand the role of insulin in your body.
Your body is made of a different organ, which does many different things. One of these organs is the pancreas. The pancreas is where your body makes insulin.
When you eat something your digestive system breaks the food down so that it can move through your blood and into your cells. In this process, the Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is a form of sugar. Your cell uses Glucose as fuel. Insulin moves glucose out of your blood into the cells. So that your body can create enough energy to get you through the day.
Having Type 1 Diabetes means your pancreas does not produce enough insulin in order to keep your blood glucose levels steady. These usually occur in children. Treatments can help, but this disease cannot be reversed. 10% of Diabetic persons fall under this category.
Type 2 Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or the body does not use insulin properly. Of all people with Diabetes, 90% have Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease that has a good chance of being prevented. But once you have diabetes, you have to spend the rest of your life with diabetes, and you have to worry about when diabetes-related complications will occur. Therefore, people of all walks of life should consciously participate in the prevention of diabetes according to their ability.
1. Focus on Maintaining a healthy weight, or losing weight gradually towards your optimal weight range. Action: Skip extreme diets and focus on small changes to eat healthier.
2. Make healthier food choices and includes foods from all five food groups to get the nutrients you need. Action: Include at least three food groups at meals and two food groups for snacks.
3. Don't skip meals. Eat healthy meals and snacks to keep your energy levels consistent throughout the day. Action: Spend some time each week planning your meal and snacks.
4. Get Active. Exercise for 30 minutes every day. Action: Get a few extra steps each day by taking the stairs or a walk at lunch.
Early in the COVID pandemic, several baseline characteristics emerged as risk factors for in-hospital mortality among persons with COVID-19. Although a growing list of other comorbidities has since entered the discussion, these core risk factors, which included advanced age (>65 years), male gender, and the comorbidities obesity and diabetes, have remained relatively static over time.
metabolic disease, any of the diseases or disorders that disrupt normal metabolism, the process of converting food to energy on a cellular level. Thousands of enzymes participating in numerous interdependent metabolic pathways carry out this process.
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Some of the common Metabolic diseases include Liver diseases such as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, kidney diseases, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes/prediabetes, and type 1 diabetes.
A person with a softly rounded body type was considered as rich and famous, based on the theory that the subject enjoys a full life of luxury, consisting of good food and good wine which subsequently leads to an all-around good time that is wholly predetermined on the basis of great wealth. However, there are many reasons why people gain belly fat, including poor diet, lack of exercise, and stress. Improving nutrition, increasing activity, and making other lifestyle changes can all help. Belly fat refers to fat around the abdomen.
By taking your medications as recommended, you greatly reduce your risk of developing diabetes-related complications. Treatment includes changes in lifestyle (diet and exercise), plus medicine (if needed). Diabetes can be treated with oral medicines (pills), insulin, and/or other injected medicines.
Only people with type 2 diabetes can use pills to manage their diabetes, people with type 1 diabetes must use insulin. These pills work best when used with meal planning and exercise. This way you have three therapies working together to lower your blood glucose levels. Diabetes pills don't work for everyone.
You have to take a doctor's advice before trying out some of the supplements along with your diabetes medication. Otherwise, it will be similar to putting thrash from one end of your room to another part of your room.
Caffeine, ingested as a liquid, or taken in pill form found in many energy and weight loss supplements, can cause blood sugars to spike. Caffeine causes insulin resistance in some people and can negatively affect postprandial blood sugar levels. Caffeine is also an appetite suppressant, so the effects are sometimes balanced out, but it is definitely still something to look out for.
Ginkgo Biloba increases the breakdown of insulin in your liver, leading to a need for more insulin and also higher blood sugars.
Melatonin doesn’t only help you sleep, but it also increases both insulin resistance and blood pressure, leading to higher blood sugars.
Vitamin B3 or Niacin, taken to reduce bad cholesterol, increases insulin resistance and raises blood sugar levels.
DHEA is a naturally-occurring hormone taken to treat many conditions, most notably, Lupus. This hormone increases insulin resistance in the body and causes higher blood sugars.
Heart disease and stroke: People with diabetes are two times more likely to have heart disease or a stroke than people without diabetes.
Blindness and other eye problems: Damage to blood vessels in the retina (diabetic retinopathy), Clouding of the lens (cataract), Increase in fluid pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
Kidney disease: High blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys and cause chronic kidney disease (CKD). If not treated, CKD can lead to kidney failure. A person with kidney failure needs regular dialysis (a treatment that filters the blood) or a kidney transplant to survive. About 1 in 3 adults with diabetes has CKD. You won’t know if you have CKD unless your doctor tests you for it.
Nerve damage (neuropathy): One of the most common diabetes complications, nerve damage can cause numbness and pain. Nerve damage most often affects the feet and legs but can also affect your digestion, blood vessels, and heart.
According to a 2016 report in the Journal of the American Medical Association, at $327 billion annually, diabetes exceeds the costs of the other top five health care costs: cardiovascular diseases ($231 billion); other noncommunicable diseases ($192 billion); mental and substance abuse disorders ($188 billion); musculoskeletal diseases ($184 billion); and injuries ($168 billion).
In 2017, America spent $327 billion on both direct and indirect expenses for diagnosed diabetes. These costs are passed to each one of us, regardless of whether or not we have diabetes. Each of us contributes to covering these costs in the form of higher health insurance premiums, additional taxes, reduced earnings, and reduced standard of living.
With consultation and advice from a Doctor, who can monitor you, diabetes can be reversed. In fact, it has been seen that some who were diabetic for more than 30 years get the benefits of reversing their diabetes. And speaking of cost, the cost of reversing diabetes is minimal when compared with the actual treatment and diagnosis of diabetes.
Some may be highly benefitted from reversing diabetes, and they be even able to stop the medication, insulin, and supplements. However through proper supervision of a qualified medical doctor.